For temperate ice regions, guidance provided by current design codes regarding ice load estimation for thin ice is unclear, particularly for local pressure estimation. This is in part due to the broader issue of having different recommended approaches for estimating local, global, and dynamic ice loads during level ice interactions with a given structure based on region, scenario type, and a variety of other conditions. It is essential from a design perspective that these three scenarios each be evaluated using appropriate definitions for local design areas, global interaction area, and other structural details. However, the need for use of different modeling approaches for ice loads associated with each of these scenarios is not based on ice mechanics but rather has largely evolved as a result of complexities in developing physics-based models of ice failure in combination with the need to achieve safe designs in the face of limited full-scale data and the need for implementation in a probabilistic framework that can be used for risk-based design assessments. During a given interaction, the ice is the same regardless of the design task at hand. In this paper, a new approach is proposed based on a probabilistic framework for modeling loads from individual high-pressure zones acting on local and global areas. The analysis presented herein considers the case of thin, first-year sea ice interacting with a bottom-founded structure based on an empirical high-pressure zone model derived from field measurements. Initial results indicate that this approach is promising for modeling local and global pressures.

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