This paper presents some predictions of ice ridge loads on a vertical cylinder, based on model experiments, analytical methods, and numerical simulations. The experiment program involved the interaction of a vertical cylinder with two unconsolidated ice ridges. Each ridge was nominally 1.9 m wide with a keel 0.5 m deep. The nominal scale used for the experiment was 1:30. The analytical methods included Dolgopolov, Mellor, Croasdale & Cammaert, and ISO19906. The numerical simulations were carried out using a discrete element computer code, named DECICE. The paper compared the results of model experiments, analytical methods and numerical simulations.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.